Faktor Risiko Dermatitis Kontak Iritan Pada Petani Rumput Laut Di Desa Waemputtang Kabupaten Bombana Sulawesi Tenggara

Abbas, Hasriwiani Habo and Hikmah, Hikmah (2018) Faktor Risiko Dermatitis Kontak Iritan Pada Petani Rumput Laut Di Desa Waemputtang Kabupaten Bombana Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Kesehatan bung, 8 (2). pp. 384-400. ISSN 2088-0340

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Irritant contact dermatitis is an inflammatory process locally on the skin that if contact with substances that are irritants. In Indonesia, the prevalence of irritant contact dermatitis is highest 6.2%, the prevalence of dermatitis > 10% are found in Southeast Sulawesi Wakatobi district and the city of Bau-Bau. This study aims to analyze the risk of irritant contact dermatitis in the village of the district Waemputtang Bombana Southeast Sulawesi in 2017 by the contact process, exposure to risk, safeguard yours elf, and drying temperature. This study is an observational analytic approach namely case-control study. The population is all the seaweed farmers in the village Waemputtang Bombana during the study. The number sampling was taking total sampling case and control sampling is 1:2, all samples are 135 people seaweed farmers obtained consisted of 45 cases and 90 controls. The Processing data using SPSS 16.0 program. Analysis data is to analyze the univariate and bivariate odds ratio significance. The results obtained that the work time OR = 2.023 95% Cl. 0124-33105 is not a significant risk factor, exposure to risk OR = 2.875 95% Cl. 1.36-6.076 a significant risk factor, efforts to protect themselves OR 95% Cl = 1618. 0759-3450 is not a significant risk factor, where the drying OR = 2184 95% Cl. 0716-6666 is not a significant risk factor for the incidence of contact dermatitis. Working time ≥ 8 hours per day is a high risk than working time <8 hours per day. The longer the working time of the contact frequency is also higher irritants that cause contact dermatitis in seaweed farmers. Exposure to the risk of repeated contact with an increasingly long time and come into contact with seaweed also lead to microtrauma or laceration disrupting the epidermal defense which resulted in farmers vulnerable to irritants. Efforts to protect themselves more at risk of not using than those using personal protective equipment, the use of personal protective equipment that is not effectively causing irritant contact dermatitis. Drying on the seafront is a high risk than the drying house or yard, due to the influence of ocean temperatures. Working time, efforts to protect themselves, and where drying is not a significant risk factor for irritant contact dermatitis. The exposure is the risk of a significant risk factor for irritant contact dermatitis. To prevent contact dermatitis in seaweed farmers is to minimize direct contact with seaweed, using personal protective equipment at work, prolonged contact with seagrass. Keywords: Farmers, Seaweed, personal protective equipment, working time, Dermatitis

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email admin@umi.ac.id
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2021 03:07
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2021 02:01
URI: http://repository.umi.ac.id/id/eprint/242

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